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Showing 1 - 10 of 48687 pathways
SMPDB ID Pathway Chemical Compounds Proteins

SMP0119305

Pw120528 View Pathway
Protein

Protein Synthesis: Valine

In protein synthesis, a succession of transfer RNA (tRNA) molecules charged with appropriate amino acids are brought together with a messenger RNA (mRNA) molecule and matched up by base-pairing through the anti-codons of the tRNA with successive codons of the mRNA. Charging or loading the appropriate amino acid onto its tRNA is carried out by an aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase (aaRS or ARS), also called tRNA-ligase. This enzyme catalyzes the esterification of a specific cognate amino acid or its precursor to one of all its compatible cognate tRNAs to form an aminoacyl-tRNA. The 20 different types of aa-tRNA are made by the 20 different aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases, one for each amino acid of the genetic code. Once the tRNA is charged, a ribosome can transfer the amino acid from the tRNA onto a growing peptide chain via a reaction termed peptide condensation, and the tRNAs, no longer carrying amino acids, are released. Aminoacyl-tRNA, therefore, plays an important role in translation, the expression of genes to create proteins. Translation is carried out by ribosomes in the cytoplasm or endoplasmic reticulum after the process of transcription of DNA to RNA in the cell's nucleus (Wikipedia).

SMP0119304

Pw120527 View Pathway
Protein

Protein Synthesis: Tyrosine

In protein synthesis, a succession of transfer RNA (tRNA) molecules charged with appropriate amino acids are brought together with a messenger RNA (mRNA) molecule and matched up by base-pairing through the anti-codons of the tRNA with successive codons of the mRNA. Charging or loading the appropriate amino acid onto its tRNA is carried out by an aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase (aaRS or ARS), also called tRNA-ligase. This enzyme catalyzes the esterification of a specific cognate amino acid or its precursor to one of all its compatible cognate tRNAs to form an aminoacyl-tRNA. The 20 different types of aa-tRNA are made by the 20 different aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases, one for each amino acid of the genetic code. Once the tRNA is charged, a ribosome can transfer the amino acid from the tRNA onto a growing peptide chain via a reaction termed peptide condensation, and the tRNAs, no longer carrying amino acids, are released. Aminoacyl-tRNA, therefore, plays an important role in translation, the expression of genes to create proteins. Translation is carried out by ribosomes in the cytoplasm or endoplasmic reticulum after the process of transcription of DNA to RNA in the cell's nucleus (Wikipedia).

SMP0119303

Pw120526 View Pathway
Protein

Protein Synthesis: Tryptophan

In protein synthesis, a succession of transfer RNA (tRNA) molecules charged with appropriate amino acids are brought together with a messenger RNA (mRNA) molecule and matched up by base-pairing through the anti-codons of the tRNA with successive codons of the mRNA. Charging or loading the appropriate amino acid onto its tRNA is carried out by an aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase (aaRS or ARS), also called tRNA-ligase. This enzyme catalyzes the esterification of a specific cognate amino acid or its precursor to one of all its compatible cognate tRNAs to form an aminoacyl-tRNA. The 20 different types of aa-tRNA are made by the 20 different aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases, one for each amino acid of the genetic code. Once the tRNA is charged, a ribosome can transfer the amino acid from the tRNA onto a growing peptide chain via a reaction termed peptide condensation, and the tRNAs, no longer carrying amino acids, are released. Aminoacyl-tRNA, therefore, plays an important role in translation, the expression of genes to create proteins. Translation is carried out by ribosomes in the cytoplasm or endoplasmic reticulum after the process of transcription of DNA to RNA in the cell's nucleus (Wikipedia).

SMP0119302

Pw120525 View Pathway
Protein

Protein Synthesis: Threonine

In protein synthesis, a succession of transfer RNA (tRNA) molecules charged with appropriate amino acids are brought together with a messenger RNA (mRNA) molecule and matched up by base-pairing through the anti-codons of the tRNA with successive codons of the mRNA. Charging or loading the appropriate amino acid onto its tRNA is carried out by an aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase (aaRS or ARS), also called tRNA-ligase. This enzyme catalyzes the esterification of a specific cognate amino acid or its precursor to one of all its compatible cognate tRNAs to form an aminoacyl-tRNA. The 20 different types of aa-tRNA are made by the 20 different aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases, one for each amino acid of the genetic code. Once the tRNA is charged, a ribosome can transfer the amino acid from the tRNA onto a growing peptide chain via a reaction termed peptide condensation, and the tRNAs, no longer carrying amino acids, are released. Aminoacyl-tRNA, therefore, plays an important role in translation, the expression of genes to create proteins. Translation is carried out by ribosomes in the cytoplasm or endoplasmic reticulum after the process of transcription of DNA to RNA in the cell's nucleus (Wikipedia).

SMP0119294

Pw120517 View Pathway
Protein

Protein Synthesis: Serine

In protein synthesis, a succession of transfer RNA (tRNA) molecules charged with appropriate amino acids are brought together with a messenger RNA (mRNA) molecule and matched up by base-pairing through the anti-codons of the tRNA with successive codons of the mRNA. Charging or loading the appropriate amino acid onto its tRNA is carried out by an aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase (aaRS or ARS), also called tRNA-ligase. This enzyme catalyzes the esterification of a specific cognate amino acid or its precursor to one of all its compatible cognate tRNAs to form an aminoacyl-tRNA. The 20 different types of aa-tRNA are made by the 20 different aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases, one for each amino acid of the genetic code. Once the tRNA is charged, a ribosome can transfer the amino acid from the tRNA onto a growing peptide chain via a reaction termed peptide condensation, and the tRNAs, no longer carrying amino acids, are released. Aminoacyl-tRNA, therefore, plays an important role in translation, the expression of genes to create proteins. Translation is carried out by ribosomes in the cytoplasm or endoplasmic reticulum after the process of transcription of DNA to RNA in the cell's nucleus (Wikipedia).

SMP0112609

Pw113695 View Pathway
Protein

Protein Synthesis: Proline

In protein synthesis, a succession of transfer RNA (tRNA) molecules charged with appropriate amino acids are brought together with a messenger RNA (mRNA) molecule and matched up by base-pairing through the anti-codons of the tRNA with successive codons of the mRNA. Charging or loading the appropriate amino acid onto its tRNA is carried out by an aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase (aaRS or ARS), also called tRNA-ligase. This enzyme catalyzes the esterification of a specific cognate amino acid or its precursor to one of all its compatible cognate tRNAs to form an aminoacyl-tRNA. The 20 different types of aa-tRNA are made by the 20 different aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases, one for each amino acid of the genetic code. Once the tRNA is charged, a ribosome can transfer the amino acid from the tRNA onto a growing peptide chain via a reaction termed peptide condensation, and the tRNAs, no longer carrying amino acids, are released. Aminoacyl-tRNA, therefore, plays an important role in translation, the expression of genes to create proteins. Translation is carried out by ribosomes in the cytoplasm or endoplasmic reticulum after the process of transcription of DNA to RNA in the cell's nucleus (Wikipedia).

SMP0111876

Pw112934 View Pathway
Protein

Protein Synthesis: Phenylalanine

In protein synthesis, a succession of transfer RNA (tRNA) molecules charged with appropriate amino acids are brought together with a messenger RNA (mRNA) molecule and matched up by base-pairing through the anti-codons of the tRNA with successive codons of the mRNA. Charging or loading the appropriate amino acid onto its tRNA is carried out by an aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase (aaRS or ARS), also called tRNA-ligase. This enzyme catalyzes the esterification of a specific cognate amino acid or its precursor to one of all its compatible cognate tRNAs to form an aminoacyl-tRNA. The 20 different types of aa-tRNA are made by the 20 different aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases, one for each amino acid of the genetic code. Once the tRNA is charged, a ribosome can transfer the amino acid from the tRNA onto a growing peptide chain via a reaction termed peptide condensation, and the tRNAs, no longer carrying amino acids, are released. Aminoacyl-tRNA, therefore, plays an important role in translation, the expression of genes to create proteins. Translation is carried out by ribosomes in the cytoplasm or endoplasmic reticulum after the process of transcription of DNA to RNA in the cell's nucleus (Wikipedia).

SMP0111875

Pw112933 View Pathway
Protein

Protein Synthesis: Methionine

In protein synthesis, a succession of transfer RNA (tRNA) molecules charged with appropriate amino acids are brought together with a messenger RNA (mRNA) molecule and matched up by base-pairing through the anti-codons of the tRNA with successive codons of the mRNA. Charging or loading the appropriate amino acid onto its tRNA is carried out by an aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase (aaRS or ARS), also called tRNA-ligase. This enzyme catalyzes the esterification of a specific cognate amino acid or its precursor to one of all its compatible cognate tRNAs to form an aminoacyl-tRNA. The 20 different types of aa-tRNA are made by the 20 different aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases, one for each amino acid of the genetic code. Once the tRNA is charged, a ribosome can transfer the amino acid from the tRNA onto a growing peptide chain via a reaction termed peptide condensation, and the tRNAs, no longer carrying amino acids, are released. Aminoacyl-tRNA, therefore, plays an important role in translation, the expression of genes to create proteins. Translation is carried out by ribosomes in the cytoplasm or endoplasmic reticulum after the process of transcription of DNA to RNA in the cell's nucleus (Wikipedia).

SMP0111874

Pw112932 View Pathway
Protein

Protein Synthesis: Lysine

In protein synthesis, a succession of transfer RNA (tRNA) molecules charged with appropriate amino acids are brought together with a messenger RNA (mRNA) molecule and matched up by base-pairing through the anti-codons of the tRNA with successive codons of the mRNA. Charging or loading the appropriate amino acid onto its tRNA is carried out by an aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase (aaRS or ARS), also called tRNA-ligase. This enzyme catalyzes the esterification of a specific cognate amino acid or its precursor to one of all its compatible cognate tRNAs to form an aminoacyl-tRNA. The 20 different types of aa-tRNA are made by the 20 different aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases, one for each amino acid of the genetic code. Once the tRNA is charged, a ribosome can transfer the amino acid from the tRNA onto a growing peptide chain via a reaction termed peptide condensation, and the tRNAs, no longer carrying amino acids, are released. Aminoacyl-tRNA, therefore, plays an important role in translation, the expression of genes to create proteins. Translation is carried out by ribosomes in the cytoplasm or endoplasmic reticulum after the process of transcription of DNA to RNA in the cell's nucleus (Wikipedia).

SMP0111873

Pw112931 View Pathway
Protein

Protein Synthesis: Leucine

In protein synthesis, a succession of transfer RNA (tRNA) molecules charged with appropriate amino acids are brought together with a messenger RNA (mRNA) molecule and matched up by base-pairing through the anti-codons of the tRNA with successive codons of the mRNA. Charging or loading the appropriate amino acid onto its tRNA is carried out by an aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase (aaRS or ARS), also called tRNA-ligase. This enzyme catalyzes the esterification of a specific cognate amino acid or its precursor to one of all its compatible cognate tRNAs to form an aminoacyl-tRNA. The 20 different types of aa-tRNA are made by the 20 different aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases, one for each amino acid of the genetic code. Once the tRNA is charged, a ribosome can transfer the amino acid from the tRNA onto a growing peptide chain via a reaction termed peptide condensation, and the tRNAs, no longer carrying amino acids, are released. Aminoacyl-tRNA, therefore, plays an important role in translation, the expression of genes to create proteins. Translation is carried out by ribosomes in the cytoplasm or endoplasmic reticulum after the process of transcription of DNA to RNA in the cell's nucleus (Wikipedia).
Showing 1 - 10 of 48687 pathways