Pathways

PathWhiz ID Pathway Meta Data

PW000696

Pw000696 View Pathway
disease

2-Aminoadipic 2-Oxoadipic Aciduria

Homo sapiens
2-Aminoadipic 2-oxoadipic aciduria is a disorder of lysine metabolism caused by a defective DHTKD1 gene. DHTKD1 is predicted to code for a component of a supercomplex similar to the 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase complex (OGDHc) which catalyzes the conversion of 2-oxoadipate into glutaryl-CoA. This disease is characterized by a large accumulation of 2-oxoadipate and 2-hydroxyadipate in the urine. Symptoms of the disease include mild to severe intellectual disability, developmental delay, ataxia, muscular hypotonia, and epilepsy. However, most cases are asymptomatic.

PW121907

Pw121907 View Pathway
disease

2-Aminoadipic 2-Oxoadipic Aciduria

Mus musculus
2-Aminoadipic 2-oxoadipic aciduria is a disorder of lysine metabolism caused by a defective DHTKD1 gene. DHTKD1 is predicted to code for a component of a supercomplex similar to the 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase complex (OGDHc) which catalyzes the conversion of 2-oxoadipate into glutaryl-CoA. This disease is characterized by a large accumulation of 2-oxoadipate and 2-hydroxyadipate in the urine. Symptoms of the disease include mild to severe intellectual disability, developmental delay, ataxia, muscular hypotonia, and epilepsy. However, most cases are asymptomatic.

PW121689

Pw121689 View Pathway
disease

2-Hydroxyglutric Aciduria (D and L Form)

Mus musculus
L-2-Hydroxyglutaric Aciduria (D-2-Hydroxyglutaric Aciduria ) is an autosomal recessive disease caused by a mutation in the L2HGDH gene which codes for L-2-Hydroxygluarate dehydrogenase. A deficiency in this enzyme results in accumulation of L-2-Hydroxyglutaric acid in plasma, spinal fluid, and urine; and L-lysine in plasma and spinal fluid. Symptoms, which present at birth, include ataxia, hypotonia, mental retardation, and seizures. Premature death often results. D-2-Hydroxyglutaric Aciduria is an autosomal recessive disease caused by a mutation in the D2HGDH gene which does for D-2-Hydroxygluarate dehydrogenase. A deficiency in this enzyme results in accumulation of D-2-Hydroxyglutaric acid in plasma, spinal fluid, and urine; oxoglutaric acid in urine; and gabba-aminobutyric acid in spinal fluid. Symptoms, which present at birth, include ataxia, hypotonia, mental retardation, and seizures. Premature death often results.

PW000212

Pw000212 View Pathway
disease

2-Hydroxyglutric Aciduria (D and L Form)

Homo sapiens
L-2-Hydroxyglutaric Aciduria (D-2-Hydroxyglutaric Aciduria ) is an autosomal recessive disease caused by a mutation in the L2HGDH gene which codes for L-2-Hydroxygluarate dehydrogenase. A deficiency in this enzyme results in accumulation of L-2-Hydroxyglutaric acid in plasma, spinal fluid, and urine; and L-lysine in plasma and spinal fluid. Symptoms, which present at birth, include ataxia, hypotonia, mental retardation, and seizures. Premature death often results. D-2-Hydroxyglutaric Aciduria is an autosomal recessive disease caused by a mutation in the D2HGDH gene which does for D-2-Hydroxygluarate dehydrogenase. A deficiency in this enzyme results in accumulation of D-2-Hydroxyglutaric acid in plasma, spinal fluid, and urine; oxoglutaric acid in urine; and gabba-aminobutyric acid in spinal fluid. Symptoms, which present at birth, include ataxia, hypotonia, mental retardation, and seizures. Premature death often results.

PW121915

Pw121915 View Pathway
disease

2-Hydroxyglutric Aciduria (D and L Form)

Rattus norvegicus
L-2-Hydroxyglutaric Aciduria (D-2-Hydroxyglutaric Aciduria ) is an autosomal recessive disease caused by a mutation in the L2HGDH gene which codes for L-2-Hydroxygluarate dehydrogenase. A deficiency in this enzyme results in accumulation of L-2-Hydroxyglutaric acid in plasma, spinal fluid, and urine; and L-lysine in plasma and spinal fluid. Symptoms, which present at birth, include ataxia, hypotonia, mental retardation, and seizures. Premature death often results. D-2-Hydroxyglutaric Aciduria is an autosomal recessive disease caused by a mutation in the D2HGDH gene which does for D-2-Hydroxygluarate dehydrogenase. A deficiency in this enzyme results in accumulation of D-2-Hydroxyglutaric acid in plasma, spinal fluid, and urine; oxoglutaric acid in urine; and gabba-aminobutyric acid in spinal fluid. Symptoms, which present at birth, include ataxia, hypotonia, mental retardation, and seizures. Premature death often results.

PW000525

Pw000525 View Pathway
disease

2-Ketoglutarate Dehydrogenase Complex Deficiency

Homo sapiens
2-Ketoglutarate dehydrogenase complex deficiency, also known as alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase deficiency or oxoglutaric aciduria, is an autosomal recessive disorder of the Krebs cycle caused by a defective oxoglutarate dehydrogenase complex (OGDC). OGDC catalyzes the conversion of 2-ketoglutarate into succinyl-CoA. This disorder is characterized by a large accumulation of 2-ketoglutarate in the urine. Symptoms of the disorder include opisthotonus, ataxia, developmental delay, and seizures.

PW122093

Pw122093 View Pathway
disease

2-Ketoglutarate Dehydrogenase Complex Deficiency

Rattus norvegicus
2-Ketoglutarate dehydrogenase complex deficiency, also known as alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase deficiency or oxoglutaric aciduria, is an autosomal recessive disorder of the Krebs cycle caused by a defective oxoglutarate dehydrogenase complex (OGDC). OGDC catalyzes the conversion of 2-ketoglutarate into succinyl-CoA. This disorder is characterized by a large accumulation of 2-ketoglutarate in the urine. Symptoms of the disorder include opisthotonus, ataxia, developmental delay, and seizures.

PW121869

Pw121869 View Pathway
disease

2-Ketoglutarate Dehydrogenase Complex Deficiency

Mus musculus
2-Ketoglutarate dehydrogenase complex deficiency, also known as alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase deficiency or oxoglutaric aciduria, is an autosomal recessive disorder of the Krebs cycle caused by a defective oxoglutarate dehydrogenase complex (OGDC). OGDC catalyzes the conversion of 2-ketoglutarate into succinyl-CoA. This disorder is characterized by a large accumulation of 2-ketoglutarate in the urine. Symptoms of the disorder include opisthotonus, ataxia, developmental delay, and seizures.

PW121916

Pw121916 View Pathway
disease

2-Methyl-3-hydroxybutryl-CoA Dehydrogenase Deficiency

Rattus norvegicus
2-Methyl-3-hydroxybutyryl CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (Hydroxyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency; MHBD) is a rare inborn disease of metabolism caused by a mutation in the HSD17B10 gene which codes for 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase type-2. A deficiency in this enzyme results in accumulation of L-lactic acid in blood, spinal fluid, and urine; 2-ethylhydracrylic acid, 2-methyl-3-hydroxybutyric acid, and tiglylglycine in urine. Symptoms include cerebal atrophy, motor and mental retardation, overactivity and behavior issues, seizures and progressive neurological defects leading to early death. Treatment includes a high carbohydrate and low protein diet.

PW121690

Pw121690 View Pathway
disease

2-Methyl-3-hydroxybutryl-CoA Dehydrogenase Deficiency

Mus musculus
2-Methyl-3-hydroxybutyryl CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (Hydroxyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency; MHBD) is a rare inborn disease of metabolism caused by a mutation in the HSD17B10 gene which codes for 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase type-2. A deficiency in this enzyme results in accumulation of L-lactic acid in blood, spinal fluid, and urine; 2-ethylhydracrylic acid, 2-methyl-3-hydroxybutyric acid, and tiglylglycine in urine. Symptoms include cerebal atrophy, motor and mental retardation, overactivity and behavior issues, seizures and progressive neurological defects leading to early death. Treatment includes a high carbohydrate and low protein diet.