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Probable crotonobetaine/carnitine- CoA ligase Carnitinyl-CoA dehydratase Crotonobetainyl- CoA dehydrogenase Crotonobetainyl- CoA:carnitine CoA-transferase L-Carnitine CoA ATP L-Carnitinyl- CoA AMP diphosphate Crotonoβinyl- CoA H 2 O γ- Butyroβinyl- CoA L-Carnitine 3- Dehydroxycarnitine reduced electron acceptor oxidized electron acceptor
caiC caiD caiA caiB L-Carnitine Coenzyme A Adenosine triphosphate L-Carnitinyl- CoA Adenosine monophosphate diphosphate Crotonoβinyl- CoA Water γ- Butyroβinyl- CoA L-Carnitine 3- Dehydroxycarnitine reduced electron acceptor oxidized electron acceptor