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Prostaglandin G/H synthase 1 Prostaglandin G/H synthase 2 Prostaglandin G/H synthase 1 Menthyl salicylate Transporter Prostaglandin E synthase Prostacyclin synthase Thromboxane-A synthase Cytosolic phospholipase A2 Menthyl salicylate Menthyl salicylate Menthyl salicylate Prostaglandin H2 Prostaglandin E2 Prostaglandin I2 Thromboxane A2 Arachidonic acid O2 Prostaglandin G2 H2O Heme Heme Glutathione Heme Phospholipids Acceptor Reduced acceptor Prostaglandin G/H synthase 2 Heme Heme Heme Calcium Endoplasmic Reticulum Cytosol Blood Vessel Menthyl salicylate inhibits COX-1 (prostaglandin G/H synthase 1) and COX-2 (prostaglandin G/H synthase 2) on the endoplasmic reticulum membrane, preventing the conversion of arachidonic acid into PGH2. Prostaglandin H2 synthesis is reduced. COX-1 synthesizes prostaglandins necessary for normal gastrointestinal and renal function. COX-2 is responsible for prostaglandin synthesis during tissue injury and inflammation. Inhibition of COX-2 provides anti-inflammatory activity. Prostaglandin E2 is responsible for inflammation and pain by activating immune cells and stimulating pain fibres. Lower concentrations of prostaglandin E2 lowers inflammatory and pain response, hence an analgesic effect is seen. Decreasing PGE2 in the central nervous system also has an antipyretic effect. Inflamed cell Menthyl salicylate is administered as an ointment, cream, gel or a patch on the skin.
Endoplasmic Reticulum PTGS1 PTGS2 PTGS1 Unknown PTGES PTGIS TBXAS1 PLA2G4A Menthyl salicylate Menthyl salicylate Menthyl salicylate Prostaglandin H2 Prostaglandin E2 Prostaglandin I2 Thromboxane A2 Arachidonic acid Oxygen Prostaglandin G2 Water Phospholipids Acceptor Reduced acceptor PTGS2
PTGS1 PTGS2 PTGS1 PTGES PTGIS TBXAS1 PLA2G4A Men sal Men sal Men sal PGH2 PGE2 PrstgI2 ThrmbA2 20:4 O2 PGG2 H2O Heme Heme GSH Heme Phosp Accepto RA PTGS2 Heme Heme Heme Ca2+ Endoplasmic Reticulum Cytosol Blood Vessel Menthyl salicylate inhibits COX-1 (prostaglandin G/H synthase 1) and COX-2 (prostaglandin G/H synthase 2) on the endoplasmic reticulum membrane, preventing the conversion of arachidonic acid into PGH2. Prostaglandin H2 synthesis is reduced. COX-1 synthesizes prostaglandins necessary for normal gastrointestinal and renal function. COX-2 is responsible for prostaglandin synthesis during tissue injury and inflammation. Inhibition of COX-2 provides anti-inflammatory activity. Prostaglandin E2 is responsible for inflammation and pain by activating immune cells and stimulating pain fibres. Lower concentrations of prostaglandin E2 lowers inflammatory and pain response, hence an analgesic effect is seen. Decreasing PGE2 in the central nervous system also has an antipyretic effect. Inflamed cell Menthyl salicylate is administered as an ointment, cream, gel or a patch on the skin.